And his team are talking up his ‘Jupiterian’ approach – a reference to the supreme Roman god, standing above the fray with thunderbolts in hand. In his Versailles speech, he laid out plans to streamline parliament.

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These tinkering policies may not seem much on the face of it.

But as one academic pointed out, all of this will serve to shore up executive power – emboldening bureaucrats over representatives, and filling parliament with newer, less battle-ready MPs.

The media are more diverse and entertaining under modern authoritarianism, civil society can enjoy an independent existence (as long as it does not pursue political change), citizens can travel around the country or abroad with only occasional interference, and private enterprise can flourish (albeit with rampant corruption and cronyism).

This study explains how modern authoritarianism defends and propagates itself, as regimes from different regions and with diverse socioeconomic foundations copy and borrow techniques of political control.

Die dortigen Kampfhandlungen finden zwischen von Russland unterstützten Milizen, regulären russischen und ukrainischen Truppen sowie Freiwilligenmilizen statt.

Die prorussischen Kräfte kämpfen für die Abspaltung der zwei durch sie proklamierten Volksrepubliken Donezk und Luhansk von der Ukraine.

He was initially ideologically committed to Arab nationalism and Arab socialism, but he came to rule according to his own Third International Theory.

Gaddafi was born near Sirte to an impoverished Bedouin family.

Von Beginn an wurde der russischen Regierung vorgeworfen, Unruhen während und nach dem Euromaidan zu schüren in der Absicht, den Osten und Süden der Ukraine zu destabilisieren.